Summary: Patients With HIV/HCV Coinfection

Recommendations Related to HCV Medication Interactions With HIV Antiretroviral Medications

RECOMMENDED RATING
Antiretroviral drug switches, when needed, should be done in collaboration with the HIV practitioner. For HIV antiretroviral and HCV direct-acting antiviral combinations not addressed below, expert consultation is recommended. I, A
Daily fixed-dose combination of elbasvir (50 mg)/grazoprevir (100 mg)
Elbasvir/grazoprevir should be used with antiretroviral drugs with which it does not have clinically significant interactions: abacavir, bictegravir, dolutegravir, doravirine, emtricitabine, lamivudine, maraviroc, raltegravir, rilpivirine, and tenofovir.
IIa, B
Daily fixed-dose combination of glecaprevir (300 mg)/pibrentasvir (120 mg)a
Glecaprevir/pibrentasvir should be used with antiretroviral drugs with which it does not have clinically significant interactions: abacavir, bictegravir, dolutegravir, doravirine, emtricitabine, lamivudine, maraviroc, raltegravir, rilpivirine, and tenofovir.

Given the increase in glecaprevir exposures and limited data on the safety of elvitegravir/cobicistat with glecaprevir/pibrentasvir, monitoring for hepatic toxicity is recommended until additional safety data are available in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients.
IIa, B
Daily fixed-dose combination of sofosbuvir (400 mg)/velpatasvir (100 mg)
Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir can be used with most antiretrovirals but not efavirenz, etravirine, or nevirapine. Because tenofovir levels, when given as tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, may increase with sofosbuvir/velpatasvir, concomitant use mandates consideration of renal function and should be avoided in those with an eGFR <60 mL/min.

Due to limited experience with this drug combination, renal monitoring is recommended in patients taking tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and cobicistat or ritonavir with sofosbuvir/velpatasvir. Tenofovir alafenamide may be an alternative to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate during sofosbuvir/velpatasvir treatment for patients who take cobicistat or ritonavir as part of their antiretroviral therapy.
IIa, B
Daily fixed-dose combination of ledipasvir (90 mg)/sofosbuvir (400 mg)
Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir can be used with most antiretrovirals. Because this therapy increases tenofovir levels when given as tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, concomitant use mandates consideration of renal function and should be avoided in those with an eGFR <60 mL/min.

Absolute tenofovir levels are highest and may exceed exposures for which there are established renal safety data when tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is administered with ritonavir- or cobicistat-containing regimens. Due to lack of sufficient safety data with this drug combination, consideration should be given to changing the antiretroviral regimen. If the combination is used, renal monitoring is recommended during the dosing period. Tenofovir alafenamide may be an alternative to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate during ledipasvir/sofosbuvir treatment for patients taking cobicistat or ritonavir as part of their antiretroviral therapy.
IIa, C
For combinations expected to increase tenofovir levels, baseline and ongoing assessment for tenofovir nephrotoxicity is recommended. IIa, C
Daily fixed-dose combination of sofosbuvir (400 mg)/velpatasvir (100 mg)/voxilaprevir (100 mg)
Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir should be used with antiretroviral drugs with which they do not have substantial interactions: abacavir, bictegravir, dolutegravir, doravirine, emtricitabine, lamivudine, maraviroc, raltegravir, rilpivirine, and tenofovir alafenamide.

Given increases in voxilaprevir AUC with darunavir/ritonavir or elvitegravir/cobicistat coadministration and lack of clinical safety data, monitoring for hepatic toxicity is recommended until additional safety data are available in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients.

Because this therapy has the potential to increase tenofovir levels when given as tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, concomitant use mandates consideration of renal function and should be avoided in those with an eGFR <60 mL/min. In patients concomitantly receiving sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, renal monitoring is recommended during the dosing period.
IIa, B
a Dosing is 3 coformulated tablets (glecaprevir [100 mg]/pibrentasvir [40 mg]) taken once daily. Please refer to the prescribing information.

 

 

Regimens Not Recommended for Patients with HIV/HCV Coinfection

NOT RECOMMENDED RATING
Antiretroviral treatment interruption to allow HCV therapy is not recommended. III, A
Elbasvir/grazoprevir should not be used with cobicistat, efavirenz, etravirine, nevirapine, or any HIV protease inhibitor. III, B
Glecaprevir/pibrentasvir should not be used with atazanavir, efavirenz, etravirine, nevirapine, or ritonavir-containing antiretroviral regimens.   III, B
Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir should not be used with efavirenz, etravirine, or nevirapine. III, B
Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir should not be used with efavirenz, etravirine, nevirapine, ritonavir-boosted atazanavir, or ritonavir-boosted lopinavir. III, B
Sofosbuvir-based regimens should not be used with tipranavir. III, B
Ribavirin should not be used with didanosine, stavudine, or zidovudine. III, B

Table. Drug Interactions Between Direct-Acting Antivirals and Antiretroviral Drugs—Recommended Regimens

 

   
Ledipasvir/ Sofosbuvir

(LDV/SOF)

Sofosbuvir/ Velpatasvir

(SOF/VEL)

Elbasvir/ Grazoprevir

(ELB/GRZ)

Glecaprevir/ Pibrentasvir

(GLE/PIB)

Sofosbuvir/ Velpatasvir/ Voxilaprevir

(SOF/VEL/VOX)

Protease
Inhibitors
Boosted Atazanavir
A A      
Boosted Darunavir
A A      
Boosted Lopinavir
ND, A A     ND
NNRTIs
Doravirine
  ND   ND ND
Efavirenz
      ND ND
Rilpivirine
         
Etravirine
ND ND ND ND ND
Integrase
Inhibitors
Bictegravir
  ND ND ND  
Cobicistat-boosted elvitegravir
C C     C
Dolutegravir
        ND
Raltegravir
        ND
 
Maraviroc
ND ND ND ND ND
NRTIs
Abacavir
  ND ND   ND
Emtricitabine
         
Lamivudine
  ND ND   ND
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
B, C B, C     C, D
Tenofovir alafenamide
D D ND   D

Green indicates coadministration is safe; yellow indicates a dose change or additional monitoring is warranted; and red indicates the combination should be avoided.

ND: No data
A: Caution only with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
​B: Increase in tenofovir depends on which additional concomitant antiretroviral agents are administered.
C: Avoid tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in patients with an eGFR <60 mL/min; tenofovir concentrations may exceed those with established renal safety data in individuals on ritonavir- or cobicistat-containing regimens.
D: Studied as part of fixed-dose combinations with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir or sofosbuvir/velpatasvir plus TAF, emtricitabine, elvitegravir, and cobicistat.

 

Treatment Recommendations for Patients With HIV/HCV Coinfection 

RECOMMENDED RATING

HIV/HCV-coinfected persons should be treated and retreated the same as persons without HIV infection, after recognizing and managing interactions with antiretroviral medications (see Initial Treatment of HCV Infection and Retreatment of Persons in Whom Prior Therapy Has Failed).

I, B

 

Last update: 
November 6, 2019
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